Rock Pigeons, (Rock Doves) (Columba Livia)

 

 

Rock Pigeon by Diego Delso

Rock Pigeon by Diego Delso

Rock Pigeons were first found in North Africa and Europe but are now most commonly seen across the Western Hemisphere, from Northern Canada to the Southern parts of South America.

Identifying Them:

Rock Pigeons or “Rock Doves” are part of the Columbidae family which are a family of rocks and pigeons. They are somewhat large pigeons with a length of 12 1/2 inches. They have long bodies with pointed wings and a fan-like tail. Rock Pigeons in Oregon have gray wings with two black stripes near the end of their wings. These pigeons are easily recognized by their pearlescent green and pink coloring on their neck that is unlike most other pigeons.

Habitat:

Rock Pigeons are spread throughout the country being commonly sighted, foraging in parks, streets, and buildings located in the city. When they aren’t searching for food, they will sometimes be found hanging out on telephone wires and street lamps. Rock Pigeons were first found in North Africa and Europe but are now most commonly seen across the Western Hemisphere, from Northern Canada to the Southern parts of South America.

Behavior:

Rock pigeons forage off the ground or in a tree or shrub, mostly with their flock but sometimes alone. When attacking or challenging another pigeon, they will sometimes bow their heads and make a cooing sound, inflate their throat and walk in a circle. Strangely they will do the same to a female during courtship, but will also preen each other.

Nesting and Nestlings:

The male will almost always choose where to nest which is usually on a man-made structure like a ledge or a nook in a building. The nest is put together by the female but the male will supply her with the materials which is usually just twigs, straw and sticks. The nests end up looking like a flattish jumble. Rock pigeons reuse their nest every year and they don’t even clean the nestling’s feces out of the nests like most birds so over time the nest will become kind of messy but at the same time will become more firm.

Females will usually lay 1-6 broods containing 1-3 eggs per clutch which are completely white like chickens’ eggs. She will incubate these eggs for about 2 1/2 weeks (about 18 days) but after hatching will stay in the nest for about another month.

Diet:

Rock pigeons have a wide variety of food that they’ll eat, including pretty much anything that a human will leave for them like bread crumbs or popcorn. Rock pigeons will mainly eat seeds and small fruit if they happen to come across it but seeds are the most mainly food eaten.

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About faithelise

I love learning about species of birds and want to be an Ornathologist. Writing about birds is my passion and I love every part of it!
This entry was posted in Backyard Birds, Bird Watching, nonfiction. Bookmark the permalink.

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